Rootkits in your Web application

Achieving a permanent stealthy compromise of user accounts with XSS and JS injection attacks.

Artur Janc

Playlists: '28c3' videos starting here / audio / related events

XSS bugs are the most widely known and commonly occurring Web vulnerability,
but their impact has often been limited to cookie theft and/or simple actions,
such as setting malicious email filters, stealing some data, or
self-propagation via an XSS worm. In this work, I discuss practical approaches
for exploiting XSS and other client-side script injection attacks, and introduce
novel techniques for maintaining and escalating access within the victim's
browser. In particular, I introduce the concept of _resident XSS_ where
attacker-supplied code is running in the context of an affected user's main
application window and describe its consequences. I also draw analogies between
such persistent Web threats and the traditional rootkit model, including
similarities in the areas of embedding malicious code, maintaining access,
stealthy communication with a C&C server, and the difficulty of detecting and
removing attacker-supplied code.